Category Archives: Hyperpigmentation

What is Kojic Acid?

If you have been researching lightening skincare products, you may have heard of the ingredient kojic acid. This is used to whiten skin, and it primarily works for dark spots and freckles. Here is an explanation of how kojic acid works and what you may want to know about using it. Where Does Kojic Acid Come from? Kojic acid was originally found in 1989 in mushrooms from Japan, but it has since been discovered in other substances, like the residue that comes from fermenting rice wine. Scientists have noted the acid in soy, rice, and … Read More

Fitzpatrick Skin Types Explained

The Fitzpatrick Scale was developed in 1975 by Thomas B. Fitzpatrick. It is used to classify skin types and their reactions to UV exposure. Most people use this system to determine how at-risk they are for skin cancer, but others simply use it to identify skin tone. There are six skin types on the Fitzpatrick Scale that cover all races, ages, and locations around the world. Here are the Fitzpatrick skin types explained. Type I – Light and pale white Type I people get freckles easily, and they rarely tan. These people burn rapidly and … Read More

Epidermal vs. Dermal Pigmentation

Fans of the Shrek movies might remember this classic quote: “Onions have layers. Ogres have layers…We both have layers.” Well, skin – like ogres and onions – has layers too. The two most notable layers of the skin are the epidermis and the dermis, which correspond to epidermal and dermal pigmentation. The epidermis is the surface layer of the skin, and the dermis is the inner layer that you cannot touch. You can experience skin problems on both layers. Treating Epidermal and Dermal Pigmentation If you have ever treated your pigmentation with a topical lightening … Read More

What Causes Melasma?

Melasma is a cosmetic skin condition in which brown or grey spots appear on areas of the face and neck. It is most common in women between the ages of 20 and 50, though it can happen in men and other age groups as well. Approximately 50 million women around the world live with melasma, and many of them never seek treatment for their condition. Let’s take a look at some of the causes of melasma so you can see if you are at risk. Common Causes of Melasma Scientists are still trying to find … Read More

What is Hyperpigmentation?

For a small number of fortunate individuals, the occasional blemish or wrinkle is the only hurdle in their pursuit for perfect skin. However, some people will have the unfortunate task of dealing with conditions that can be aesthetically unpleasant and much more difficult to treat. One such condition is known as hyperpigmentation. The Causes of Hyperpigmentation The color of your skin is determined by the concentration of melanin that is contained in the outer layer of your skin. At birth, this coloring is determined by your genetics. However, over time the melanin forming cells in … Read More