For a small number of fortunate individuals, the occasional blemish or wrinkle is the only hurdle in their pursuit for perfect skin. However, some people will have the unfortunate task of dealing with conditions that can be aesthetically unpleasant and much more difficult to treat. One such condition is known as hyperpigmentation.
The Causes of Hyperpigmentation
The color of your skin is determined by the concentration of melanin that is contained in the outer layer of your skin. At birth, this coloring is determined by your genetics. However, over time the melanin forming cells in your skin can become overstimulated or damaged due to aging, excess sun exposure, or hormones. This can lead to hyperpigmentation in the form of dark spots and patches on the skin.
The most common cause of hyperpigmentation is sun damage, which can affect your skin’s ability to properly create and regulate melanin production. Sun damage and UV radiation can cause the melanin forming cells (melanocytes) to become over stimulated which can result in the darkening of the skin or concentrated “sun spots”. This is often the reason that the most common locations for hyperpigmentation are the face and hands, which are nearly always exposed to the sun.
There are other causes of hyperpigmentation as well. Some pregnant women may experience hyperpigmentation on their face in the form of melasma which is due to pregnancy hormones. Skin trauma from inflammation, acne, dermatitis can also trigger melanocytes and lead to dark spots or scars on the skin.
Treatments for Hyperpigmentation
No matter what the cause, the treatment options for hyperpigmentation are often the same. There are a number of effective ways to safely reduce the appearance of age spots, melasma, and other forms of hyperpigmentation. Natural skin lightening ingredients such as kojic acid, arbutin, and niacinamide, (topical Vitamin B3) has been shown to be very effective in reducing the appearance of dark spots on the skin by inhibiting the formation of melanin. Many of these key ingredients can be found in the topical product Meladerm, which has been shown to be quite effective in reducing the appearance of hyperpigmentation.
The best way to avoid hyperpigmentation is to protect your skin against sun damage. Wear SPF 30 sunscreen whenever you go out, and make sure you treat any signs of hyperpigmentation early on. The sooner you seek treatment, the easier it will be to care for your condition.