Melasma is a cosmetic skin condition in which brown or grey spots appear on areas of the face and neck. It is most common in women between the ages of 20 and 50, though it can happen in men and other age groups as well. Approximately 50 million women around the world live with melasma, and many of them never seek treatment for their condition. Let’s take a look at some of the causes of melasma so you can see if you are at risk.
Common Causes of Melasma
Scientists are still trying to find the exact trigger for this condition, but it is most commonly seen in pregnant women and individuals exposed to extensive sun radiation. A family history of melasma may also put a person at risk for this condition. Other potential factors include the use of birth control pills, anti-seizure medications, and hormone replacement therapy. Simply put, sun damage or hormonal imbalances could lead to melasma over time.
How to Treat Melasma
If you already have a case of melasma, you may want to consider lightening creams or skin brightening products to reduce the appearance of the discolorations. Meladerm by Civant is specifically designed to target issues like this and maintain an even skin tone. When used regularly with sunscreen for protection, Meladerm can effectively help reduce the appearance of melasma in men and women of all ages. It can also improve dark spots, age spots, and any other issues you may have with your skin. Additionally, chemical peels and exfoliation can go a long way to restoring the skin to it’s original color. These types of treatments may require professional guidance and are best discussed with your doctor.
How to Avoid Melasma
Whether you already have melasma or you simply want to avoid it in the future, there are some simple steps you can take to reduce your chances of getting it. The easiest thing to do is to make sure your skin is protected from the sun when you go outside (even in the winter months). Use an SPF 30-35 sunscreen to block out harmful UVB rays, and stay indoors when you have no protection on. Talk to your doctor about birth control pills to see if there are any other alternatives for you. Even with these precautions, some individuals still develop melasma, and the only solution is to treat the condition as it appears. As long as you practice diligent sun protection and have a safe skin lightener on hand, you should have no issues getting your skin back to normal.